How Does Epilepsy Affect The Brain?

What parts of the brain are affected by epilepsy?

Seizures can occur anywhere in the brain, but in children they frequently occur in the temporal and frontal lobes, affecting the functions that these regions control.

A region of particular importance in adults with epilepsy, but less so in children, is the mesial, or middle, part of the temporal lobe..

Do seizures destroy brain cells?

Isolated brief seizures probably do not kill neurons; however, severe and repetitive seizures (i.e., status epilepticus) certainly do. Because status epilepticus both kills neurons and also leads to chronic epilepsy, neuronal death has been proposed to be an integral part of acquired epileptogenesis.

Did Albert Einstein have epilepsy?

Albert Einstein had epilepsy, as did Thomas Edison and Bud Abbott. Julius Caesar, Socrates and Napoleon are all believed to have been sufferers. Present-day people reported to have the condition include Elton John and Rik Mayall. It can affect anyone, of any age, from any walk of life.

Does epilepsy affect intelligence?

[6,7] Dodson[8] reported that children with epilepsy have an intelligence quotient (IQ) score that is 10 points lower than their healthy, age-matched peers. Epilepsy can affect a person’s education, career, general health, mental health, and marriage, among other things.

What are the long term effects of epilepsy?

Status epilepticus is an especially dangerous epilepsy complication because it can cause permanent brain damage. Death is also a possibility. Weight gain: Certain antiseizure medications can make weight loss and management more challenging. Being overweight can then increase your risk for other chronic health problems.

What happens if epilepsy is left untreated?

Someone with epilepsy will have repeated seizures. There is often no warning and no clear reason why the seizures happen. If epilepsy is not treated, seizures may occur throughout a person’s life. Seizures can become more severe and happen more often over time.

Does epilepsy affect your personality?

Epilepsy has significant effects on the behavior of most people who have it. In some cases the seizure activity itself is manifested as a brief change or interruption in behavior that might appear unusual to the casual observer. Evidence also suggests that epilepsy can affect behavior when seizures are not occurring.

How does epilepsy affect you emotionally?

After a seizure, you may feel anxious or depressed for days or weeks, if the parts of the brain that affect mood are recovering from the seizure. Confusion or memory loss after a seizure can also be worrying or depressing. Before a seizure you may feel irritable, anxious, depressed or aggressive.

What are the complications of epilepsy?

Complications may include:Difficulty learning.Breathing in food or saliva into the lungs during a seizure, which can cause aspiration pneumonia.Injury from falls, bumps, self-inflicted bites, driving or operating machinery during a seizure.Permanent brain damage (stroke or other damage)Side effects of medicines.

What are the consequences of epilepsy?

The consequences of epilepsy can be quite severe and include shortened lifespan, excessive bodily injury, neuropsychological and psychiatric impairment, and social disability. There is evidence that seizures cause brain injury, including neuronal death and physiological dysfunction.

How does seizures affect the brain?

Prolonged seizures are clearly capable of injuring the brain. Isolated, brief seizures are likely to cause negative changes in brain function and possibly loss of specific brain cells.

Do seizures affect memory?

Any type of epileptic seizure could potentially affect your memory, either during or after a seizure. If you have lots of seizures, memory problems might happen more often. Some people have generalised seizures that affect all of the brain.

Does epilepsy shorten life span?

Reduction in life expectancy can be up to 2 years for people with a diagnosis of idiopathic/cryptogenic epilepsy, and the reduction can be up to 10 years in people with symptomatic epilepsy. Reductions in life expectancy are highest at the time of diagnosis and diminish with time.

Can epilepsy go away?

While many forms of epilepsy require lifelong treatment to control the seizures, for some people the seizures eventually go away. The odds of becoming seizure-free are not as good for adults or for children with severe epilepsy syndromes, but it is possible that seizures may decrease or even stop over time.

What should epileptics avoid?

Avoiding these triggers can help you avoid seizures and live better with epilepsy:Missing medication doses.Heavy alcohol use.Cocaine or other drug, such as ecstasy, use.Lack of sleep.Other drugs that interfere with seizure medications.